Do you view technology as positive or negative in terms of communication?
How does your culture’s social environment dictate aspects of upward mobility and nepotism?
Last week, we talked about nonverbal communication in culture. This week, we’ll discuss how a culture’s technological and social environments direct the ways in which a culture communicates.
In the West, the ethnocentric view of technology is largely positive.
Workplaces, friends, family. Personal and professional environments are all connected by technology.
Technological implementations and other modernizations gear businesses and societies toward the future. And Western cultures are generally future-oriented, as are their values.
However, visit countries in central Africa, and you might find skepticism about technology. The physical environment, rather than the virtual environment, is more highly valued in such countries.
East Asian cultures typically try to balance both environments equally – the existing traditional environment and the new technological one – as they are considered equally important.
Aside from technology, what workplace factors does a culture’s social environment dictate?
According to a culture’s social environment, various levels of value are placed on:
- Gender expectations
- Class structure
- Social mobility
Each of these plays its role in a culture’s workplace environment.
We’d like to think in Western cultures that it’s not who you know but what you know that gets you hired, as this seems fair and just – justice being a cornerstone value of many Western cultures.
We also know that’s not always the case. Networking can often get a foot in the door more so than one’s own merit. That being said, nepotism is still not favored, due to cultural values of equality.
However, in many different cultures – in Latin America or Africa, for instance – familial ties are often a job qualifier, and there’s nothing wrong with that, even in the case of a better-qualified candidate.
Those cultures who place value on familial ties view nepotism as a demonstration of commitment to family. There is also generally more trust in a family unit than there might be hiring a stranger from the outside.
In those cultures with a low concept obligation to family, social mobility is more accessible by everyone, as those who are willing to actively work toward their ideal career should theoretically be able to climb the ladder of success.
That’s the “American Dream” in a nutshell.
As you might guess, these contrasting views and values can hit a nerve in cross-cultural environments. We’ll talk more about how to lessen the blow next week.