Managing in a foreign culture may be a challenge. Different cultures have different expectations regarding leadership and management. A manager making a copy himself may be regarded as humble and approachable in one culture, and as weak and disrespectful towards his secretary in another. Established management theories like Maslow’s hierarchy of needs have not passed the test of cross cultural validity. The GLOBE study in 62 society found a a wide range of different leadership style as ideal.
(see chart below)